The Soldier's Details

Surname:
Hunter
First Name:
Malcolm Ashton
Nick Name:
Mac
Rank:
Corporal (Promoted on 1.3.1942)
Regimental #:
WX9130
Company:
'B' Company
Enlisted:
30.10.1940
Discharged:
25.01.1946
DOB:
9.10.1917
Place of Birth:
Northam, Western Australia
Father's Name:
Ashton Hunter
Mothers's Name:
Ruby Stella Hunter
Religion:
Methodist
Pre-war Occupation:
Farmer
Java:
Bicycle Camp
Force:
'D' Force Thailand, Java Party No. 6, O Battalion
Camps Thailand:
Kanu III, Hintok Road Camp (evacuated 2.9.1943, cholera), Tarsau Hospital Camp, Nakhon Nayok.
Camps Java:
'Blackforce', attached to 'C' Company 2/3rd Machine Gun Battalion
POW#:
6911
Return Details 1945:
Thailand-Singapore by aircraft; Singapore-Fremantle, HMT Moreton Bay arriving 5 Oct 1945.

General Description

EPSON MFP image
Hunter, Mac

 

Hunter MA, Carter D & Jones E
Mac Hunter, Doug Carter & Evan Jones

 

Carter D & Hunter MA
Doug Carter & Mac Hunter – good mates, both were AWOL andmissed the ‘Aquitania’ when it sailed on 16 January from Fremantle heading to Singapore.  They were shipped to Java and joined ‘Blackforce’ when the Allied Forces anticipated fighting the Japanese.  Both men were selected with ‘D’ Force Java Party No. 6, O Btn to work on the Burma Thai Railway.

 

at back F Dorrington back row: J Gregory, L O'neil, E Teasdale, A Newel, R Hindle front: R Haldane, M Hunter, T James, F Hinds, D Parker
at back F Dorrington
back row: J Gregory, L O’neil, E Teasdale, A Newel, R Hindle
front: R Haldane, M Hunter, T James, F Hinds, D Parker

 

Mac was a former Scotch College Student.

Mac was one of about 90 2/4th men who missed the Aquitania’s  departure from Fremantle on 16th January 1942 having jumped ship the previous day.   The group thereafter sailed into Java initially to be transhipped to Singapore.  At this time Singapore was about to fall and these men were off-loaded at Java.  They then remained to defend Java with the Allied forces.  Read further about ‘Blackforce’.

Mac was withdrawn from 2/3 MG Bn. and placed into composite Battalion and saw no action on Java and became POW of Japanese with the surrender.

Mac was selected with ‘D’ Force Java Party No. 6.  25 (O) Battalion.

Please read further about Java Party No. 6 O Battalion

Known as Dunlop Force, they arrived in Singapore on 7th January1943 from the port of Tan Priok after 3-day hellish journey on Usu Maru. They were accommodated in the British area to north of Selarang Barracks.

Dunlop’s Party departed by train from Singapore on 19th January 1943 and arrived at Pladuk in Thailand on 24th January and trucked to Tarsau via Tardin and then north to Kanu III. Dunlop Force was the first Australian Group to work on the southern end of the railway in Thailand.

Mac was one of 10 men from 2/4th placed into ‘O’ Battalion. Another 10 men from 2/4th were in ‘P’ Battalion and these two Battalions often worked together at camps or nearby.

Their first Camp was the construction of Kanu III which was up steep inclines.

On 17th March they returned up the mountain track to Hintock Road Camp (one of 3 Hintok camps within this area) where they were immediately assigned to work on the railway. One difficulty was this camp was 7 km from nearest barge landing and the POWs manhandled supplies over very steep and slippery terrain usually after a day working on railway. They constructed the Seven Metre Embankment immediately prior to the Three Tier Bridge.

250 POWs from ‘O’ and ‘P’ battalions were suffering illness, hospitalised and unable to work on the railway.

‘D’ Force ‘S’ Battalion arrived from Singapore 25th April 1943 to start work on Kanu II. 200 of these men were sent to Hintock Road Camp to increase the working number of men.  ‘S’ Battalion had largest number of 2/4th men of any working Force.

We hope Mac was able to catch up with some 2/4th blokes before before being evacuated from Hintok Road Camp with cholera on 2 September 1943 to Tarsao – records show his Father residing Katanning, WA.  He was discharged on 15 September 1943.  Hunter’s movements after this time are not absolutely certain.  He may have returned the Hintok area (there were several camps) or remained at Tarsao until the hospital camp was closed and patients relocated to Tamarkan. His family are of the opinion Mac contracted cholera at Hintok and was evacuated. It is not certain where and when he was ill with cholera.  He was a very lucky man to survive.

Mac was recovered from Nakhon Nayok, Thailand at the end of the war on 16th August 1945.   He had arrived there in mid 1945.

He returned to Australia via Singapore and arrived Fremantle on SS Moreton Bay on 5th October 1945.

 

Camp Locations:

  • Hintok, 154k - Thailand
  • Kanu 1 151.00k - Thailand
  • Nacompaton, Nakom Pathom Hospital - Thailand
  • Tarsau, Tha Sao 125k - Thailand
  • Bicycle Camp, Batavia, Jakarta - Java ***
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