X Parties – Singapore 1945
These parties X.1 through to X.11 worked mainly as tunneling parties at various locations around Singapore during 1945. By 1945 Japan faced defeat -n but it would be months and months and two atomic bombs before they surrendered.
The Japanese Garrison on Singapore initiated a programme of tunnels to store ammunition and to use as air raid shelters – their last great effort to hold off a total collapse of their war effort.
Some POWs believed (and rightly so) – they would be herded into the tunnels – the tunnels would serve as their tombs when the entrances were blown up.
X.3 Party 1 July 1945 to 20 Aug 1945
This Party was under the command of Capt Fred Stable, 8th Division Signals consisting of seven officers and 377 other ranks. Lt. Penrod Dean, 2/4th MGB was one of the seven officers – he was accompanied by 13 other ranks from the Battalion.
The work site was at Choa Chu Kang Road, north of Bukit Panjang, approximately 400 yards west of Bukit Timah Road. The work consisted of excavation and construction of tunnels, trenches and weapon pits.
X.4b Party 6 April 1945
There were three members of 2/4th MGB included in a total of 50 AIF. They acted as an advance party for W Party at Keppel Harbour.
The camp was adjacent to the wharf at Keppel Harbour.
X8 Party Adam Park, Singapore – 4 Jul 1945 to 17 Aug 1945
Under the command of Warrant Officer A Crawford.
This party tunnelled in the vicinity of Jurong Road. The AIF contingent was housed in nearby huts. There were three 2/4th men in this party including Baschek.
There were 1,000 POWs in this Party to dig tunnels in the hills about 2-3 miles from Changi Gaol Camp. Jim Duncan was one of three 2/4th men in this Party. You can read Duncan’s description.
Other 2/4th men who worked on this project included
WX13421 Ron Beckham
WX9350 Patrick (George) Hodgins
WX15457 Samuel Edward ‘Ted’ Nash