Ewen, Murray Colour Patch the men of the 2/4th Australian Machine Gun Battalion, 1940-1945(Victoria Park, W.A.: Hesperian Press, 2003) Colour Patch has been used extensively throughout this website thanks to the generosity of Murray Ewen. Copies of his book are still available, please use the ‘Contact’ facility of this website for your request to be passed on to Murray.


Past issues of Borehole Bulletin, compiled by past Presidents and Secretaries, and printed by many volunteers  over the years stretching back to the beginning in 1946 – we have gained valuable knowledge.
We are however missing some earlier copies – we ask  family members, if you come across early copies of ‘Borehole Bulletin’ or any early POW newsletters, can you please contact us.
These regular newsletters over the years kept veterans informed of the location and health of their mates, their wives and families, whether they retired and moved, deaths, notified them of updates and changes to their benefits;  notified them what was available to those with physical disabilities (which as they aged – was everybody).  The Borehole was news everybody looked forward to receiving whether sad or happy.   All their social events were regularly included. Often the men would hear the latest news of another former POW – somebody had they hadn’t heard of for 20-30 years, sometimes sadly of their death.



Adam-Smith, Patsy AUSTRALIAN PRISONERS OF WAR published by The Five Mile Press Pty Ltd 2014
ISBN: 9781760062781
Arneil, Stan One Man’s WarPublished 1982 by Sun Books The Macmillan Company of Australia Pty Ltd.
Arneil, Stan BLACK JACK The Life and Times of Brigadier sir Frederick Gallegham, Printed by MacMillan, 1983
Atkinson, Les My Side of the Kwai, Reminiscences of an Australian prisoner of war of the Japanese, Published 2001 by Kangaroo Press.
Barwick, Idris James In The Shadow of Death The story of a Medic on the Burma Railway 1942-45, Published 2005 by Pen & Sword Books Ltd., South Yorkshire, England.
Beattie, Rod, OAM, MBE, OON The Death Railway
A brief history of The Thailand-Burna Railway, Updated 2015 Published T.B.R.C. Ltd. Kanchanaburi, Thailand.  www.tbrconlinecom
We would like to recognise and thank Rod Beattie for the many years of research he has personally completed on researching the locations,  history and mysteries of the Railway.  
Blackburn Kevin The Sportsmen of Changi Newsouth Publishing 2012
Blair, Joan & Clay Jr. Return From The River Kwai –  published by Penguin 1979, ISBN 0 14 01 22237 an excellent account from the men who survived the sinking of ‘Rakuyo’ Maru including several 2/4th men.
Bowden, Tim Larrikins in Khaki  Tales of irreverence & courage from World War II Diggers – printed 2019 Allen & Unwin, Crows Nest, NSW 2065 ISBN 978 1 76052 854 6
Bowden, Tim Stubbon Buggers  First published 2014 (Stories of Outram Road) Published Allen & Unwin, NSW ISBN 978 1 74331 4425
Boyle, James Railroad to Burma, Published 1990 by Allen & Unwin.
Brune, Peter Descent Into Hell, The Fall of Singapore-Pudu & Changi the Thai-Burma Railway published by Allen & Unwin 2014 ISBN 978 1 74114 534 2
Coast, John Railroad of Death by Myrmidon 2014 First published 1946 ISBN 978-1-905802-93-7
Coates, Albert & Newman Rosenthal The Albert Coates Story The Will that Found the Way, Published 1977 by Hyland House Publishing Pty Limited.
Cody, Les, Ghosts in Khaki : the history of the 2/4th Machine Gun Battalion, 8th Australian Division A.I.F (Carlisle, W. Aust: Hesperian Press, 1997)
Colebatch, Hal G.P. ‘Australia’s Secret War‘ How unionists sabotaged our troops in World War II, ISBN 9780980677874 Quadrant Books 2013
Cunningham, Michele Hell on Earth Sandakan – Australia’s Greatest War Tragedy Published 2013 by Hachette Australia.
Dandie, Alexander The Story of J Force Published 1985, Printed by Fast Books, ISBN 0 9589113 2 0
Daws, Gavan Prisoners of the Japanese POWs of World War II in the Pacific (First published U.S. by  William Morrow 1994) Published Australia 2004, Scribe Publications Pty Ltd
Denney, Ray The Long Way Home Published 1993 by R. Denney
Dingo, Sally Unsung Ordinary MenA generation like no other, Published 2010 by Hachette Australia.
Dunlop, E E,  The War Diaries of Weary Dunlop Java and the Burma Thailand Railway 1942-1945
Durnford, John Branch Line to Burma Published 1958 Macdonald & Co (Publishers) Ltd, Great Britain.
Ebury, Sue Weary The life of Sir Edward Dunlop published 1993 by Penguin Books Australia Ltd.
Faulkner, Andrew Arthur Blackburn, VC An Australian hero, his men, and their two world wars Wakefield Press 2008
Flanagan, Arch and Martin The Line – A Story of the Burma Railway
Forbes, Cameron Hellfire The story of Australia, Japan and the Prisoners of War, Published 2005 Macmillan by Pan Macmillan Australia Pty Ltd.
Geddes, Margaret Remembering Weary, Sir Edward Dunlop as recalled by those whose lives he touched, Published 1996 by Viking, Penguin Books Australia Ltd.
Gilling, Tom Bastard behind the Lines – Jock McLarens escape from Sandakan and his guerrilla war against the Japanese Published 2021 Allen & Unwin ISBN 9778 1 76087 5787 9
Hall Leslie The Blue Haze POWs on the Burma Railway, Published 1996 Kangaroo Press Pty. Ltd.
Ham, Paul Sandakan – The untold story of Sandakan Death Marches.  ISBN 978 1 86471 140 0 (hbk.)  A William Heinemann book, Pubished by Random House Australia Pty. Ltd. 2012
Harris, Richard All In My Stride: John Gilmour’s story: Changi to world Champion (Carlisle, W. Aust: Hespian Press, 1999)
Holman, Robert , edited by Peter Thomson On Paths of Ash, The extraordinary story of an Australian prisoner of war, Published 2009 by Pier 9, Murdoch Books Australia.
Holmes, Linda Goetz,  4000 Bowls of Rice – a Prisoner of war comes home, Published 1993 Allen & Unwin
Keith, Billy Days of Anguiush Days of HopeHodder and Stoughton 1972 ISBN 0 340 16717 3.
Kinvig, Clifford River Kwai Railway The Story of the Burma-Siam Railroad ISBN 1 84486 021 3 Published Conway 2005
Kreefft, Otto Burma Railway as visual recollection ISBN 978-0-646-48349-8 This edition printed by Sukhumvit Printing Co. Ltd. for the Thailand-Burma Railway Centre (T.B.R.C.) Kanchanaburi, Thailand.
Lane, John Summer Will Come Again: The story of Australian POW’s fight for survival in Japan (Fremantle, W. Aust: Fremantle Arts Centre Press, 1987)
Lloyd, Stu The Missing Years A POW’s Story from Changi to Hellfire Pass, 1942-45 Rosenberg Publishing Pty Ltd 2009
Maynard, Roger Hell’s Heroes published 2009 by HarperCollins Publishers Australia Pty. Limited.
McKie, Ronald Proud Echo (Story of HMAS Perth & USS Houston) A Panther Book Published by Robert Hale, 1953 & 1958
McCormack , Gavan & Nelson, Hank; The Burma Thailand Railway, ( Maryborough, Vic, Allen & Unwin, 1993.)
McGregor, John Blood on the Rising Sun, Published by Bencoolen.  (J.A. McGregor WX12835, 2/4th Machine Gun Battalion – sent to Outram Gaol, Singapore)
Mutton R.H. Home For Christmas but Five Years Late Compiled Stories of 2/20th printed 1995 Jenkin Buxton Printers, Box Hill, Victoria 3128.
Nelson Hank, POW Prisoners of War Australians Under Nippon (Sydney, NSW: ABC Enterprises, 1985)
Pavillard, Stanley S. Bamboo Doctor, 1960 McMillan & Co. Ltd. Printed in Great Britain by Robert MacLerose & Co. Ltd, The University Press, Glasgow.
Peek, Ian Denys One Fourteenth of an Elephant published 2003 by Macmillan by Pan Macmillan Australia Pty Ltd.
Perry, Roland The Changi Brownlow, Published 2010 by Hachette Australia.
Ramsay Silver Lynette, Sandakan – A Conspiracy of Silence ( Burra Creek, NSW: Sally Milner Publishing, 1999)
Richards, Rowley & Marcia McEwan The Survival Factor, Printed 1989 Kangaroo Press.
Rivett, Rohan D. Behind BambooPublished 1946 Angus and Robertson
Rowland, Robin A River Kwai Story The Sonkrai Tribunal, Allen & Unwin, 2007
SAGGERS Ian; Saggers, A E, To Hell-fire, Purgatory and Back : an account of the battle exploits and prisoner-of-war experiences of Major A. E. Saggers, commanding officer ‘A’ Company, 2/4th Machine Gun Battalion and Special Reserve Batallion, A.I.F. : based on his secret diaries (Dalkeith, W.A.: I. Saggers, 2000)
Silver, Lynette Ramsay SANDAKAN – A Conspiracy of Silence.  Published 1998 Sally Milner Publishing Pty Ltd.  ISBN 1 86351 223 3.
Skeels OAM,  Fred JAVA RABBLE, A Story of a ship, Slavey and Survival. ISBN 978-0-85905-419-5 Printed 2008  by Hesperian Press
Smith, Donald And All The Trumpets Published 1954 by Wayman & Sons Ltd Fakenham for Geoffrey Bles Ltd., London.
Stuart, Donald I Think I’ll LivePublished 1981 by Georgian House, Melbourne.
Wall, Don Sandakan Under Nippon The Last March,  Published1988 by D. Wall.
Wall, Don Singapore and BeyondThe Story of the 2/20th Battalion AIF, Published 1985 by 2/20 Battalion.
Wall, Don The Heroes of F Force, Published 1993 by D. Wall
Warmenhoven, Lt, Col. K.A., Commander of the Railway from 1945-1947 THE DEATH RAILWAY Facts and Background information on the Thailand-Burma railway, The original 1947 “Warmenhoven Report” ISBN 978-0-646-92106-8 Published by T.B.R.C.Co. Ltd., Kanchanaburi, Thailand
Whitecross, Roy Slaves of the Son of Heaven, A Personal Account of an Australian POW 1942-1945, Published 2000 by Kangaroo Press.
Winstanley Lt Col Peter RFD (Ret’d) Medical Officers (Doctors) on the Burma Thailand Railway during WW2 2012,  248/85 Hester Ave, Merriwa WA 6030.                        Web Page:
Winstanley Lt Col Peter(Ret’d) OAM RFD Articles about Prisoners of War of the Japanese, Including the Burma Thailand Railway 1941-1945, 248/85 Hestor Ave, Merriwa 6030  Web Page:
Wright, Pattie  The Men of the LineStories of the Thai-Burma Railway Survivors, Published 2008 by The Miegunyah Press.
Wyett, John Staff Wallah at the end of  Singapore Biography published 1996.  Wyett was a senior Staff Officer to 8th Division .  This is an eyewitness account of the meetings and planning during those critical weeks leading to the Fall of Singapore. Wyett’s insight on Bennett and other decision makers will surprise.


AustralianWar Memorial website


By the Farrell Family

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