Camp Maps

2/4th Movements 1942-1945

map2nd4th1942-1945 (1)Singapore Camps

Following the capitulation of Singapore those men of the 8th Division that were able to walk, were marched the 17 miles to Selarang Barracks Changi. This Barracks was situated on the north-eastern tip of Singapore on the Changi Peninsula.
At first the Japanese were reasonably lax with their treatment of their new wards and preferred, in the AIF’s case, for the Austalian’s to be autonomous and operate under their own administration. It wasn’t until August that the Japanese began to organize Changi as a POW Camp proper.
The 2/4th Machine Gun battalion arrived at Roberts Artillery Barracks at 0300 hours on the 18th February 1942. Later that day they were billeted out in three bungalows attached to Selarang. There were approximately 192 men from HQ’s Coy 2/4th in house No.38 under command of Capt. “Bob” Phelps, 255 men from ‘A’ and ‘B’ Coy’s in house No.35 under Capt. Tom Bunning and 235 men from ‘C’ and ‘D’ Companies in house No. 34 under the command of the newly appointed Major Colin Cameron.
There doesn’t appear to have been too many complaints at this stage of captivity and as the working parties, the likes of Adam Park group moved out, more space became available. By the time ‘A’ Force moved out all remaining 2/4th had been concentrated in house No. 35.

singpow300

On 4th April 1942 2800 men of the AIF moved out of Selarang Barracks Changi to Bukit Timah area a vicinity of the MacRitchie Reservoir. The 2/4th had been ordered to supply 300 men for the occasion, under the command of Major Alf Cough. There were five sub-camps in this area being Adam Park, Sime Road, Thompson Road (Caldecot Hill Estate, Mount Pleasant Estate and Lornie Road. Three of the camps were former housing estates and the other two were atap style native hutted camps.
Corporal Stan Currie led a party of twenty-seven men from the 2/4th to River Valley Road Camp on 30th October 1942. River Valley Road would later become one of several transit camps where men who had returned to Singapore would mark time whilst they waited for available shipping before being forwarded to Japan and Saigon. Havelock Road Camp was another camp close by separated from River Valley Camp by a footbridge. There were fifty-nine members from the 2/4th at Havelock Road who would, like the rest of the work parties around Singapore , return to Selarang Barracks in December 1942.
Major Bert Saggers took a party of 278 AIF to Serangoon Road Camp on 25th May 1942. This camp had been an internment camp for the Chinese and consisted of atap huts even less palatial than the Sime Road Camp. This group shared their accommodation with a number of British Prisoners of War employed at the Ford Motor Works.

Sumatracolour300

Java300

borneo200

thai300

KILOMETRE CHART OF THE THAILAND-BURMA RAILWAY

PoWs often gave English names to places. Japanese adapted Thai names to their own pronunciation. Several names are given to assist readers.
LOCATION ON RAILWAY 1942-1945 (distances from NONG PLADUK)
000 km           NONG PLADUK, Nonpuradukka
002                 Konma (transit camp)
005                 BanPong. Banponmai
013                 Rukke
026                 Taruanoi. To Reoa Noi. Talua
039                 The Muang, Tamuang. Tamoan, Ta Mueng
041                 Tung Tang
047                 Kao Din
048                 Pak Prage
049                 Tung Na Talea
051                 KANCHANABURI, Kanburi
055                 THA MAKHAM,Tamarkan
(Bridge over River Kwai Yai)
057                 Chunghai. Kao Poon, Kapon
069                 Wang Len, Wanran, Wun Lung
078                 Tapon, Won Yen, Wang Yen
088                 Bankao, Bangkao
098                 Takiren, Tarkilen, Ta Ki Len
108                 Arrowhill, Arruhiru, (Wang Sing)
110                 Lum Sum (for waterfall)
114                 Wang Po, Wanpo, Wampo (double viaduct)
121                 Chong Cab
125                 Wanyai, Wang Yai
130                 THA SOE, Tarso, Ta Soe
130                 NAMTOK (Railway ends 1973)
139                 Tonchan (spring camp)
147                 Tampi, Tampines
155                 HinTok, Hintoku
166                 Kanu, Kanyu (several camps)
168                 Sai Yoku, Kinsaiyok sub-camps
172                 Kinsaiyok Main (waterfalls)
181                 RinTin, Rinten, Lin Thin
190                 Kuei, Kui Ye, Kui Yong
198                 Hin Dat, Hindato (hot springs)
208                 Brankassi. Purankasi, Prang Kasi
218                 Takunun, Dha Khanun, Takanun
229                 Namajon, Namajo, Namuchonyai
237                 Tomajo, Tamajo, Tamazyo
244                 Tamuron Part, Tamuronpato
250                 Krian Kri, Kuriankurai, Kreung Krai
258                 Kurikonta
262                 Konkuita, Konkoita, Concreeta
262.87            MEETING POINT 17thOctober 1943
273                 Teimonta, Timontar
282                 Nikbe, Nikki, Nike
294                 Sinkurai, Songkla, Kenngkluay
THREE PAGODAS PASS
(Thailand /Burma border)
301km            Changaraya
311                 Anganan, Aungganaung
315                “100 kilo” Camp, Anganan 2
320                 Kyando, Kyondaw
332                 Aparon, Apalon
                       Steel Bridge
337                 Sparain
343                 Mezari, Mezali, Mesali
349                 Kami-Mezari, “Upper Mezali”
354                 Ronsi, Ronshii
358                 Tanzun, Taungzun
362                 Tanbaya, Tambaya (“Hospital ”)
369                 Anakuin, Anaqueen, Anankwin
375                 Bekitan, BekeTaung
385                 Repo, Retpu
391                 Konnokoi
396                 Rabao, Alepauk
401                 Tettoku
406                 Wegare, Wegale SIN‐TANBYUZAYA
                       “New Thanbyuzayat”
414.92km      THANBYUZAYAT
Burma Base Camp
421                 Kuwanra                              From Moulmein
429                 Karuoto, Kawawthut                        43km
433                 Kamae, Kamawet                 38
439                 Toku, Tawku                          32
453                 Mudon                                    24
453                 Menganen                              19
461                 Pau, Pa-Nuk                           11
466                 Kokani                                    6
471.3              MOULMEIN, Morumein        0
BRANCH LINE THANBYUZAYAT TO YE (going South)
THANBYUZAYAT                                           000 km
Banga                                                             9
Karotshue, Karokpi                                       14

Anke                                                               19

Tenyu                                                             26

Atsunein                                                         35

Nikkayin                                                         45

Ramayin                                                         55

Karunpe, Taugban                                        65

Painwan                                                         71

Paraenki                                                         78

YE                                                                   86.40

 

Hellfire Pass Memorial, Thailand-Burma Railway Fourth Edition Australian-Thai Chamber of Commerce 1997

map1Thanby-Anna

map2annak-kyondaw

map3Kyondaw-teimo

map4kuto- Brank

map5Bran-kins

map6Kinsaiyik - Wampoversion2

hellfire300

map7arrowhill-chungkai

map8Kan-Nonp

backroad300

japcoloy300_green