Outram Road Gaol War Crimes Court 1946

McGregor WX12835 and Dean WX6067 were sentenced to 2 years to be served at Outram Gaol – for attempting to escape.
Below:  McGregor and Penrod Dean.  Both men went on to write books detailing their personal experience at Outram Road Gaol.  MgGregor’s book was published and he died before Dean completed his book.  (Tim Bowden amongst others has made known the outcome of his research resulting in doubts about several of Dean’s claims.)



Alfred ‘Alf’ Stevens WX227 was arrested and sentenced at Kuching, Borneo by the Kempeitai and sent to Outram Road Prison. He was the third man from 2/4th to spend time at this hell-hole.

You can read further about Alf Stevens





Please read further about Outram Road Gaol



Outram Road Goal commandant, Colonel Mikizawa being questioned in an attempt establish the identity of victims buried off Reformatory Road


Right:  Mikizawa

Was on trial November and December 1946.
Crimes took place between 1 November 1943 and 15 August 1945:
Koshiro Mikizawa, the first accused, was the Governor of the civil section of the Outram Road Prison. Takeshi Noda, the second accused, was the Administrative Officer of the same and was briefly second-in-command to Mikizawa. The accused were charged with being parties to the ill-treatment and neglect of prisoners, causing the death of about 1,000 prisoners and physical suffering to others. Inadequate food and medical attention were provided. There was overcrowding in the cells with inadequate blankets, bed-boards and sanitation. Prisoners were also sent out on fatigue duties without proper clothing or footwear. Warders subjected the prisoners to physical abuse, which the accused sometimes participated in.
Mikizawa, Koshiro. Civilian. Superintendant, Outram Civil Gaol. From Japan. Guilty. Life imprisonment. Sentence confirmed.
Noda, Takeshi. Civilian. Inspector, Outram Civil Gaol. From Japan. Guilty. 5 years’ imprisonment. Sentence confirmed.
The disparity in the sentences for the two defendants (life imprisonment for the first, imprisonment of five years for the second) can be accounted for by witnesses’ testimonies (from both the prosecution and defence) of good character.
The above information is from Singapore War Crimes Trialshttps://singaporewarcrimestrials.com/case-summaries/detail/091#case-anchor-prosecutors
‘During the Japanese Occupation, half of the prison was used to hold military prisoners or prisoners-of-war, while the other half was for civilian prisoners.  A total of 1,470 prisoners, mostly Chinese, died at the Outram Prison during the war – 141 were executed while the rest died of torture, starvation or diseases. Only 400 survived upon liberation in September 1945. Forty-three Japanese military men were tried for war crimes committed while they were in charge of the Outram Road jail.’

The above information is taken from https://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/infopedia/articles/SIP_1742_2010-12-17.html


Above:  The grounds of Outram Road Gaol with Captain Francis.

Left to Right:  Major General Mastochi Saito (Malaya) Mikizawa (Outram Road) Tominago (Changi) Ogata, Inspector of Japanese Police.