Mergui (Myiek) - Prachuab Kirikhan Escape Road - Thailand
Mergui (Myiek) Escape Road
This desperate task was to make a road through virgin jungle across the Tenasserim Peninsula between Prachuab and Mergui.
Prachuab Kirikhan is located approximately 230 kilometres to the south-west of Bangkok, roughly half way between Petchaburi to the north and Chumphon to the south on the peninsula part of Thailand shared with Burma. The camp at Prachuab Kirikhan was the base camp and from there the prisoners would move out to one of four jungle camps.
The object of this exercise was to cut an escape road approximately 150 kilometres through virgin jungle from the port of Prachuab Kirikhan on the east coast of Thailand to the port of Mergui on the west coast of Burma. The Japanese were now retreating from Allied forces in north Burma and the tide was turning with Allied Naval fleets making their presence known.
1011 soldiers were selected by the Japanese Medical Officer Dr Higuchi for the workforce on this road commencing April 1945. 1000 men POWs were originally sent from Nakom Paton on 12 April 1945 and 11 Medical Officers and orderlies were sent from Tamuang.
By April 1945 the men had been POWs of Japan for 3 years. They had all endured starvation, tropical illnesses and worked like slaves under the brutal Japanese regime on Burma Thai rail link. They were in terrible physical and emotional condition and stood in pieces of rags no shoes carrying little in the way of personal items, having sold all they could for food and medicines.
To begin the construction of a road through dense jungle would have overwhelmed even the bravest man.
There were at least 7 men from 2/4th, and it is believed John Warren-Smith was the only one not to return.
WX10794 Percy Sturtbridge
WX10049 Mervyn Wilkinson – evacuated back to Nacompaton June 1945.
WX10048 Ted Cosson
WX7542 Greg Burdon
WX8765 John Warren-Smith – died Prachuab Kirikham 17 July 1945.
WX7248 Frank Thaxter
Those men recorded as being recovered from Prachaup Khiri Khan Area at the end of the war also included:
WX9134 Sumner P.J.
WX8441 Mellor, J.B.
This list is included in “Unsung Ordinary Men” by Sally Dingo and taken from affidavit of Major John Mason Stringer, War Crimes Trial of Japanese officers/NCOs involved in Mergui Road Episode, National Archives Kew, England.
They group travelled by train from Nacompaton to Ratburi where they changed trains due to the bridge having been destroyed by Allied Bombing. The Railway line between Singapore to Malaya travelled through Chumphon, Prachuab Kirikham, Petchaburi and Raturi to Non Pladuk, the starting point for Burma-Thai Railway. From Ratburi the men travelled south to Prachaub Kirikham which was the starting point of the escape road.
The work was mostly pick and shovel, carrying stones for the road bed, felling of trees and grubbing bamboo roots with at least three well constructed timber bridges. The work hours were 0830 to 1900 hours and the prisoners were broken into parties of approx. 30 and assigned various tasks.
Rations were insufficient for manual labouring with very little meat. The appalling accommodation was bamboo huts which proved less waterpoof that those with atap roofs. Also remember this is the last months of war and these men had already been POWs for nearly three years. They had enduring starvation, speedo, had slave laboured with beatings and tropical illnesses which could not be treated as there were no medicines.
On the completion of the road Greg Burdon and Frank Thaxter marched out towards the Burmese coast pulling ox carts loaded with the sick. They then cut an airstrip in the jungle for three C47 Dakota aircraft to land and firstly evacuate the British POWs to Rangoon. Burdon and Thaxter with the remaining 2/4th, along with many others in the group were then flown north to Kachu Mountain Camp. It was here Thaxter and Burdon met up with Ted Cosson. (Wilkinson had already been evacuated to Nacompaton June 1945). All the men from here were flown back to Singapore in September 1945.
This 1000 men work party resulted in an appalling 25% death rate throughout the five months.