The Soldier's Details

First Name:
Henry Christopher
Nick Name:
Also known as Hugh Christopher Oswald
Regimental #:
‘E’ Company, Special Reserve Battalion
Place of Birth:
Perth, Western Australia
Father's Name:
Andrew Oswald
Mothers's Name:
Not Known
Roman Catholic
Pre-war Occupation:
Timber Worker
Kanchanaburi War Cemetery, Plot 1, Row F, Grave 29, Age 21.
Selarang Camp and Barracks Changi
‘ D ’ Force Thailand, V Battalion
Camps Thailand:
Kinsaiyok, Brankassi, Hindaine, Kuii, Kanchanaburi
1/8897 & 2281
Cause of Death:
Place of Death:
No. 3 Base Hospital, Kanchanaburi
Date of Death:
Kanchanaburi Cemetery

General Description

Soldier was a stowaway on the HMT ‘Aquitania’ at Fremantle on 16.1.1942.  Oswald was transferred to  2/4th Machine Gun Battalion on 16.1.1942, (Routine Order 5/1791 of 28.1.1942) from  2/16th Battalion reinforcements. Soldier was shell shocked and was admitted to the 2/9th Field Ambulance on 15.2.1942. Admitted to 2/13th Australian General Hospital on 16.2.1942. Discharged to unit on 21.2.1942.
Hugh Oswald was selected with ‘D’ Force Thailand V Battalion .  As luck would have it ‘V’ Battalion had the highest death rate of ‘D’ Force, 50% of the men did not return from working on the Burma Thai Railway, Thailand.
Their work and camp conditions were appalling.  The men endured extremely long working days with minimal food, spiteful and brutal guards who terrorised the POWs.
V Battalion departed Singapore on 17th March 1943 for the 4-5 day hellish train journey to Bampong, Thailand.  He was to first work on the Burma Thai Railway at Kinsaiyok Camp, before going to Brankassi, Hindaine  and it is probable he was evacuated with a number of sick on 11th August from Kuii Camp and died of dysentery at Kanchanaburi Base Hospital on 7 November 1943 aged 21 years. He had enlisted 22 July 1941.


Oswald recorded his NOK as his married sister Elizabeth Luff, 94 Onslow Road, Shenton Park.  In 1953 his medals were posted to Elizabeth Luff at 244 Gill Street, Mosman Park.  We believe Elizabeth may have died 1 October 1964 aged 47 years at North Innaloo.  We have been unable to identify Elizabeth’s husbands name.
Oswald recorded his pre-enlistment occupation as timber worker.
Below:  Oswald’s Military Records including brief details of his stowing away on ‘Aquitania’.



Oswald, Hugh Christopher

Photograph taken January 2018

Other than his married sister Elizabeth Luff, our searches for family of Henry or Hugh Christopher Oswald have found nothing.    Should any person reading this who knows any information, we ask that you please contact us!  Thank you.


Camp Locations:

  • Selarang Camp Changi - Singapore
  • Brankassi, Prang Kasi, 208k - Thailand
  • Kanchanaburi, 50k - Thailand
  • Kinsaiyok Main, 170.2k - Thailand
  • Kuii, Kui Yae, 185.6k - Thailand