The Soldier's Details

Surname:
Cousins
First Name:
Arnold Vivian
Nick Name:
Arnie
Rank:
Private
Regimental #:
WX9092
Company:
'C' Company, No. 11 Platoon.
Enlisted:
25.10.1940
DOB:
26.11.1913
Place of Birth:
Mt Helena, Western Australia
Father's Name:
William Robert Moore Cousins
Mothers's Name:
Clara Matilda Cousins
Religion:
Church of England
Pre-war Occupation:
Baker, Mt Helena
Memorial:
Epitaph, Labuan Memorial, Panel 18, Age 30.
Singapore:
Selarang Camp Changi
Force:
'A' Force Burma, Green Force, No. 3 Battalion
Camps Thailand:
Tamarkan
Camps Burma:
Victoria Point, Kendau 4.8km, Thetkaw, Khonkan, Meiloe, Augganaung.
POW#:
1480
Japan:
Rakuyo Maru Party
Cause of Death:
Lost at Sea
Place of Death:
South China Sea
Date of Death:
14.09.1944

General Description

A Climie, A Cousins, D Squire, A Miller, A Minchin, V Dewar, Brambles.
A Climie, A Cousins, D Squire, A Miller, A Minchin, V Dewar, Brambles.

 

Millar and Cousins during stopover in Sydney.  Both men were in ‘C’ Company however Millar was unable to re-board ‘Aquitania’ when it sailed for Singapore from Fremantle on 16 Jan 1942 and  was sent to Java.   He survived.

 

Arnie Cousins was selected in Singapore to work on the Burma-Thai Railway with ‘A’ Force Burma Green Force Battalion No. 3.

Read further about Green Force.

When the railway was completed the IJA moved all the POWs who had been working in Burma south to Thailand.

Many including Arnie Cousins were evacuated to Tamarkan.  It was here he was later selected on 27 March 1944 to work in Japan and following health injections was sent by rail via Bangkok to Phom Pehn, Indo China (now Vietnam).

Here the POWS left the train (end of rail line) and made their way to Saigon.  The men of ‘Rakuyo Maru’ party spent weeks working around the docks before the Japanese decided the American sea blockade was too effective and they were unable to sail for Japan from this coastline. The Rakuyo group was then sent to Phom Penh to return to Singapore by rail via Bangkok.

The men were accommodated in Singapore at River Valley Road Camp waiting for their ship ‘Rakuyo Maru’.  It was about 5 months since first being selected for this work party!

Eventually the POWs sailed out of Singapore just a few days prior to be hit by torpedoes from American Submarines and sinking about 14 September 1944.

 

Read further about ‘Rakuyo Maru’

Arnie Cousins died aged 30 years.

 

Arnie had previously  served with 10th Light Horse Militia  Service Noi. 319924, prior to joining AIF in October 1940.

Sister Phyllis married in 1941.

Daisy being one of Arnie’s three sisters.
Daisy was a very active member of the Mt Helena Community.

Cousins A V
Cousins A V

Arnie’s father William was an orchadist in Mt Helena.

William and Clara had a family of 3 daughters and 2 sons.

Prior to enlisting Arnie was living in Mt Helena and his occupation was Baker.

The Cousins family appear to have been active in the community.

Mt Helena was innitially a saw-mill town, however after the mid 1920s, became known for fruit producing.

William Cousins died at East Victoria Park in 1961 and his wife Clara died in 1965.  They were both buried at Karrakatta Cemetery.

Camp Locations:

  • River Valley Road Camp - Singapore
  • Selarang Camp Changi - Singapore
  • Tamarkan, Tha Makham 56k - Thailand
  • Aungganaung,105Kilo - Burma
  • Kendau, Kandaw, 4 Kilo - Burma
  • Meilo, 75 Kilo, 340k - Burma
  • Saigon - French Indo China
  • Victoria Point, Kawthoung - Burma. \'A\' Force, Green Force No. 3 Btn
  • Thetkaw 14 Kilo - Burma
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